BeaglePlay Kernel Development¶
This guide is for all those who want to kick start their kernel development journey on the TI AM625x SoC Based BeaglePlay.
Getting the Kernel Source Code¶
The Linux kernel is hosted on a number of servers around the world. The main repository is hosted on the kernel.org website, but there are also mirrors hosted by other organizations, such as GitHub and Bootlin.
The Linux Torvalds tree is the most up-to-date source of the Linux kernel. It is used by Linux distributions and other projects to build their own kernels. The tree is also a popular destination for kernel developers who want to contribute to the kernel.
Kernel sources can directly be fetched using
git clone https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git
A big advantage of using
git to fetch the kernel sources is that you’ll easily be able to manage your
changes, keeping track of what you might edit. If you are looking for a quicker way to download a single
version of the Linux kernel sources to get started, you might consider fetching a “tarball” using
wget https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git/snapshot/linux-6.6.tar.gz tar xf linux-6.6.tar.gz
While fetching a tarball with
wget might be faster than fetching the full history with
the ability to track changes with
git is significant.
For more information on using
git, see Git Usage.
Preparing to Build¶
These instructions should be valid on any Debian-based system, but were tested on a BeaglePlay itself.
sudo apt update sudo apt install fakeroot build-essential libncurses-dev xz-utils libssl-dev flex libelf-dev bison
Configuring the Kernel¶
The easiest way to configure the kernel is to start with a configuration known to work. A running BeaglePlay is a great source for that configuration, as it gets compiled into the running kernel.
If you don’t have a BeaglePlay booted, you can copy a known good kernel configuration from the
BeagleBoard.org Linux git repository at https://git.beagleboard.org/beagleboard/linux. On each release
branch, the last commit typically contains a
bb.org_defconfig file. For BeaglePlay, you should
look for an
Running on a BeaglePlay, you can configure your kernel using
/proc/config.gz. You’ll also want
make olddefconfig to update your config for the newer kernel. If you want to look at configuration
options that haven’t previously been configured, then use
make oldconfig instead. Once you’ve
got an initial configuration, you can edit the configuration various ways including
zcat /proc/config.gz > .config make olddefconfig
You can also take advantage of the running system to provide the WiFi regulatory database (regulatory.db). This is needed such that your kernel sets the WiFi signals appropriately for compliance with regional restrictions.
For more information, see Linux wireless regulatory documentation and the signed database images at https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/sforshee/wireless-regdb.git/tree/.
mkdir -p firmware cp /lib/firmware/regulatory.db* firmware/
Building the Kernel¶
Once you’re set on your configuration, you’ll want to build the kernel and build any external modules.
Building the kernel on BeaglePlay might take a while. For me, it took about an hour.
Installing and Booting the Kernel¶
In case your new kernel fails, you’ll want to be prepared to either reflash the board or to use a serial cable to halt u-boot and request loading a working kernel still available on the board.
See Using Serial Console to setup access over the debug serial port.
sudo make install modules_install
For more details on the Linux kernel build system, see The kernel build system on kernel.org.
For additional guidance, see the official TI-SDK documentation for AM62X